The expectation that all children can and should become literate is an important orientation of early childhood educators. Literacy development is a right of all children. The goal of engaging emergent readers requires early childhood educators to understand how to identify emergent literacy skills and build on the child’s previous experiences and abilities. Emergent literacy includes constrained skills (phonological awareness, alphabetic principle, and print concept) and continuous components (comprehension, vocabulary, and fluency). Children need to develop conceptual knowledge about reading alongside procedural and generative knowledge so they can use literacy in authentic ways. Familiarity with common benchmarks and strategies helps educators support children in their literacy growth and development. Understanding typical trajectories guides educators in the planning of rich reading experiences for all children.