Chapter 1: Introduction to Biological Psychology

1.9: References

Parts of this chapter were adapted from: 

Clark, M. A., Douglas, M., & Choi, J. (2018). 1.1 The Science of Biology. In Biology (2nd ed.). OpenStax. Access for free at

Spielman, R. M., Jenkins, W. J., & Lovett, M. D. (2020). 1.1 What Is Psychology? In Psychology 2e. OpenStax. Access for free at

Stangor, C., Walinga, J. & Cummings, J. A. (2019). 3.1 Psychologists Use the Scientific Method to Guide Their Research. In Introduction to Psychology. University of Saskatchewan.


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Harmon-Jones, E. & Harmon-Jones, C. (2023). Affective neuroscience. In R. Biswas-Diener & E. Diener (Eds), Noba textbook series: Psychology. Champaign, IL: DEF publishers. Retrieved from

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Henrich, J., Heine, S. J., & Norenzayan, A. (2010). Most people are not WEIRD. Nature, 466(7302), 29-29.

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National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2023. Advancing Antiracism, Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion in STEMM Organizations: Beyond Broadening Participation. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. Online Access:

National Research Council. (2011). Chimpanzees in biomedical and behavioral research: Assessing the necessity. The National Academies Press.

Nelson, R. J. (2023). Hormones & behavior. In R. Biswas-Diener & E. Diener (Eds), Noba textbook series: Psychology. Champaign, IL: DEF publishers. Retrieved from

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Tang, Y. Y., Hölzel, B. K., & Posner, M. I. (2015). The neuroscience of mindfulness meditation. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 16(4), 213-225.

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Torrey, E. F., Kennard, A. D., Eslinger, D., Lamb, R., & Pavle, J. (2010). More mentally ill persons are in jails and prisons than hospitals: A survey of the states. Arlington, VA: Treatment Advocacy Center, 1-18.

Walinga, J. (2019). 2.1 Biological Psychology. In J. A. Cummings & L. Sanders (Eds). Introduction to Psychology. University of Saskatchewan Open Press.

Yeung, A. W. K., Goto, T. K., & Leung, W. K. (2017). The changing landscape of neuroscience research, 2006–2015: A bibliometric study. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 11, 120.


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