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Chapter 2: The Brain and Nervous System
The Brain and Nervous System Learning Objectives
Learn about the central and peripheral nervous systems and their subdivisions including the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems
Know terms to describe locations in the brain such as anterior, posterior, inferior, superior, dorsal, ventral, medial, and lateral
Know the coronal, sagittal, and horizontal anatomical planes used to visualize the brain in two dimensions
Describe the basic functions of the brainstem, cerebellum, thalamus, hypothalamus, and cerebral hemispheres
Understand the differences between gray matter and white matter
Learn about the four lobes of the cerebral cortex: occipital, temporal, parietal, and frontal lobes.
Learn about the roles of major subcortical structures including the basal ganglia, hippocampus, amygdala, thalamus, and hypothalamus
Understand important non-neuronal structures, including the meninges that surround and protect the brain, the ventricles that contain cerebrospinal fluid, and the vasculature that supplies blood throughout the brain