Chapter 2: The Brain and Nervous System

The Brain and Nervous System Learning Objectives

  • Learn about the central and peripheral nervous systems and their subdivisions including the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems
  • Know terms to describe locations in the brain such as anterior, posterior, inferior, superior, dorsal, ventral, medial, and lateral
  • Know the coronal, sagittal, and horizontal anatomical planes used to visualize the brain in two dimensions
  • Describe the basic functions of the brainstem, cerebellum, thalamus, hypothalamus, and cerebral hemispheres
  • Understand the differences between gray matter and white matter
  • Learn about the four lobes of the cerebral cortex: occipital, temporal, parietal, and frontal lobes.
  • Learn about the roles of major subcortical structures including the basal ganglia, hippocampus, amygdala, thalamus, and hypothalamus
  • Understand important non-neuronal structures, including the meninges that surround and protect the brain, the ventricles that contain cerebrospinal fluid, and the vasculature that supplies blood throughout the brain


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Biological Psychology Copyright © 2024 by Michael J. Hove and Steven A. Martinez is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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